Changes between Version 2 and Version 3 of TracReports


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Timestamp:
25 Jan 2017, 21:56:44 (11 months ago)
Author:
trac
Comment:

--

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  • TracReports

    v2 v3  
    1717  ''This will make the query module the default handler for the “View Tickets” navigation item. We encourage you to try this configuration and report back what kind of features of reports you are missing, if any.''
    1818
    19 
    2019A report consists of these basic parts:
    2120 * '''ID''' — Unique (sequential) identifier
     
    3130
    3231== Changing Report Numbering ==
    33 There may be instances where you need to change the ID of the report, perhaps to organize the reports better. At present this requires changes to the trac database. The ''report'' table has the following schema ''(since 0.10)'':
     32There may be instances where you need to change the ID of the report, perhaps to organize the reports better. At present this requires changes to the trac database. The ''report'' table has the following schema:
    3433 * id integer PRIMARY KEY
    3534 * author text
     
    4847Clicking on one of the report results will take you to that ticket. You can navigate through the results by clicking the ''Next Ticket'' or ''Previous Ticket'' links just below the main menu bar, or click the ''Back to Report'' link to return to the report page.
    4948
    50 You can safely edit any of the tickets and continue to navigate through the results using the ''!Next/Previous/Back to Report'' links after saving your results, but when you return to the report, there will be no hint about what has changed, as would happen if you were navigating a list of tickets obtained from a query (see TracQuery#NavigatingTickets). ''(since 0.11)''
     49You can safely edit any of the tickets and continue to navigate through the results using the ''!Next/Previous/Back to Report'' links after saving your results, but when you return to the report, there will be no hint about what has changed, as would happen if you were navigating a list of tickets obtained from a query (see TracQuery#NavigatingTickets).
    5150
    5251== Alternative Download Formats ==
     
    7069
    7170''Creating a custom report requires a comfortable knowledge of SQL.''
     71
     72'''Note that you need to set up [TracPermissions#Reports permissions] in order to see the buttons for adding or editing reports.'''
    7273
    7374A report is basically a single named SQL query, executed and presented by
     
    108109}}}
    109110
    110 ---
     111Dynamic variables can also be used in the report title and description (since 1.1.1).
    111112
    112113== Advanced Reports: Dynamic Variables ==
     
    147148}}}
    148149
    149 
    150 ----
    151150
    152151
     
    156155specialized SQL statements to control the output of the Trac report engine.
    157156
    158 == Special Columns ==
     157=== Special Columns ===
    159158To format reports, TracReports looks for 'magic' column names in the query
    160159result. These 'magic' names are processed and affect the layout and style of the
     
    165164 * '''id''' — same as '''ticket''' above when '''realm''' is not set
    166165 * '''realm''' — together with '''id''', can be used to create links to other resources than tickets (e.g. a realm of ''wiki'' and an ''id'' to a page name will create a link to that wiki page)
     166   - for some kind of resources, it may be necessary to specify their ''parent'' resources (e.g. for ''changeset'', which ''repos'') and this can be achieved using the '''parent_realm''' and '''parent_id''' columns
    167167 * '''created, modified, date, time''' — Format cell as a date and/or time.
    168168 * '''description''' — Ticket description field, parsed through the wiki engine.
     
    194194</div>
    195195}}}
    196  * '''`__style__`''' — A custom CSS style expression to use for the current row.
     196 * '''`__style__`''' — A custom CSS style expression to use on the `<tr>` element of the current row.
     197 * '''`__class__`''' — Zero or more space-separated CSS class names to be set on the `<tr>` element of the current row. These classes are added to the class name derived from `__color__` and the odd / even indicator.
    197198
    198199'''Example:''' ''List active tickets, grouped by milestone, group header linked to milestone page, colored by priority''
     
    217218also possible to create multi-line report entries.
    218219
    219  * '''`column_`''' — ''Break row after this''. By appending an underscore ('_') to the column name, the remaining columns will be be continued on a second line.
     220 * '''`column_`''' — ''Break row after this''. By appending an underscore ('_') to the column name, the remaining columns will be continued on a second line.
    220221
    221222 * '''`_column_`''' — ''Full row''. By adding an underscore ('_') both at the beginning and the end of a column name, the data will be shown on a separate row.
     
    245246=== Reporting on custom fields ===
    246247
    247 If you have added custom fields to your tickets (a feature since v0.8, see TracTicketsCustomFields), you can write a SQL query to cover them. You'll need to make a join on the ticket_custom table, but this isn't especially easy.
     248If you have added custom fields to your tickets (see TracTicketsCustomFields), you can write a SQL query to cover them. You'll need to make a join on the ticket_custom table, but this isn't especially easy.
    248249
    249250If you have tickets in the database ''before'' you declare the extra fields in trac.ini, there will be no associated data in the ticket_custom table. To get around this, use SQL's "LEFT OUTER JOIN" clauses. See [trac:TracIniReportCustomFieldSample TracIniReportCustomFieldSample] for some examples.
    250251
    251 '''Note that you need to set up permissions in order to see the buttons for adding or editing reports.'''
     252=== A note about SQL rewriting #rewriting
     253
     254Beyond the relatively trivial replacement of dynamic variables, the SQL query is also altered in order to support two features of the reports:
     255 1. [#sort-order changing the sort order]
     256 2. pagination support (limitation of the number of result rows displayed on each page)
     257In order to support the first feature, the sort column is inserted in the `ORDER BY` clause in the first position or in the second position if a `__group__` column is specified (an `ORDER BY` clause is created if needed). In order to support pagination, a `LIMIT ... OFFSET ...` clause is appended.
     258The query might be too complex for the automatic rewrite to work correctly, resulting in an erroneous query. In this case you still have the possibility to control exactly how the rewrite is done by manually inserting the following tokens:
     259 - `@SORT_COLUMN@`, the place where the name of the selected sort column will be inserted,
     260 - `@LIMIT_OFFSET@`, the place where the pagination support clause will be added
     261Note that if you write them after an SQL comment, `--`, you'll effectively disable rewriting if this is what you want!
     262
     263Let's take an example, consider the following SQL query:
     264{{{
     265-- ## 4: Assigned, Active Tickets by Owner ## --
     266
     267--
     268-- List assigned tickets, group by ticket owner, sorted by priority.
     269--
     270
     271SELECT p.value AS __color__,
     272   owner AS __group__,
     273   id AS ticket, summary, component, milestone, t.type AS type, severity, time AS created,
     274   changetime AS _changetime, description AS _description,
     275   reporter AS _reporter
     276  FROM ticket t,enum p
     277  WHERE status = 'assigned'
     278AND p.name=t.priority AND p.type='priority'
     279  ORDER BY __group__, p.value, severity, time
     280}}}
     281
     282The automatic rewrite will be the following (4 rows per page, page 2, sorted by `component`):
     283{{{
     284SELECT p.value AS __color__,
     285   owner AS __group__,
     286   id AS ticket, summary, component, milestone, t.type AS type, severity, time AS created,
     287   changetime AS _changetime, description AS _description,
     288   reporter AS _reporter
     289  FROM ticket t,enum p
     290  WHERE status = 'assigned'
     291AND p.name=t.priority AND p.type='priority'
     292  ORDER BY __group__ ASC, `component` ASC,  __group__, p.value, severity, time
     293 LIMIT 4 OFFSET 4
     294}}}
     295
     296The equivalent SQL query with the rewrite tokens would have been:
     297{{{
     298SELECT p.value AS __color__,
     299   owner AS __group__,
     300   id AS ticket, summary, component, milestone, t.type AS type, severity, time AS created,
     301   changetime AS _changetime, description AS _description,
     302   reporter AS _reporter
     303  FROM ticket t,enum p
     304  WHERE status = 'assigned'
     305AND p.name=t.priority AND p.type='priority'
     306  ORDER BY __group__, @SORT_COLUMN@, p.value, severity, time
     307@LIMIT_OFFSET@
     308}}}
     309
     310If you want to always sort first by priority and only then by the user selected sort column, simply use the following `ORDER BY` clause:
     311{{{
     312  ORDER BY __group__, p.value, @SORT_COLUMN@, severity, time
     313}}}
    252314
    253315----